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Total fitness is the term used to cover a wide range of personal developments such as, Fitness, Emotional and Mental Fitness, Social Fitness, Medical Fitness (encapsulating Physical Fitness), Nutritional Fitness and Spiritual Fitness which all can be benefited through exercise via Personal Training.


Fitness - The ability to meet the demands of life safely and effectively without exhaustion or undue stress. The level of fitness in one area can influence other areas such as;

Emotional and Mental Fitness – Concerned with psychological well-being. Pressures of daily life can have negative effect on emotional and mental fitness, affecting the ability to think clearly and constructively which leads to stress, a contributing factor to Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).

Social Fitness – Benefits an individual to interact, communicate, establish and maintain relationships with others.

Medical Fitness – A persons state of health with the absence of disease, illness, injury or disability, so that the body is in optimal working order.

Physical Fitness – Combination of attributes allowing you to function effectively to enjoy leisure and cope with emergencies. Fitness is the capacity to facilitate positive health and maintain optimal quality of life.

Nutritional Fitness – Having the sufficient energy by eating a well-balanced diet to enable you to carry out your daily life.

Spiritual Fitness – An individuals attitude, honouring your own and others basic human values and beliefs.


The relationship between Total Fitness and Physical Fitness


Lifestyle Factors

Everyday activities can affect an individual’s general and physical fitness which includes sports participated in as well as general exercise. A persons general activity to carry out their work also has a bearing (office work/sedentary v Labourer/active). Physical performance can severely be affected by poor health, injury or disability.

Certain lifestyle habits can have a negative effect on health and physical fitness such as smoking, alcohol consumption and substance abuse.

Age can cause a decline in physical capabilities however, the rate of decline can be dramatically reduced through regular exercise and activity.

Healthy eating patterns are vital to provide the body with sufficient nutrients to sustain physical activity and maintain a healthy state of body function.


Exercise Prescription for Health

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), The British Heart Foundation (BHF) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommend at least 30 minutes of low to moderate physical activity on at least 5 days of the week.


FITT Guidelines for Health


5 – 7 days a week


Low to moderate (50 – 69% of maximum heart rate)


30 minutes


Physical activity and everyday tasks e.g. cycling, heavy housework, DIY and gardening